This is a procedure used to diagnose bladder cancer and remove any unusual growths or tumours from the bladder wall. Bladder cancer is caused by the uncontrolled growth of cells that line your bladder wall. If the cancer is just in the lining and has not grown into the muscle of your bladder, it's called superficial or non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer can be treated by removing it from the bladder wall in a TURBT operation. There are no alternatives to TURBT. This procedure is the essential first step in diagnosing and treating bladder cancer. The operation can take between 15 and 40 minutes. At the end of the procedure, a catheter (a plastic tube that drains urine from the bladder) is placed and usually kept in place for about 24 hours. Whilst the catheter is in place, irrigating fluid can be instilled at the same time as the urine drains into a bag. The tissue removed in the procedure will be sent to a laboratory for testing. A TURBT procedure is occasionally followed by bladder treatment with Mitomycin C or Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) to destroy any remaining cancer cells.
Your catheter will be removed before you go home.